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Effect of coke reactivity and nut coke on blast furnace operation

Two measures for coke saving and increase in blast furnace efficiency related to coke characteristics - reactivity and size - are discussed in this paper. Modern blast furnace operation with low coke rate and high injection rate causes a change in coke quality requirements. A discussion has arisen recently about highly reactive coke. Here, a theoretical analysis of influence of coke reactivity on the thermal reserve zone, direct reduction and carbon consumption in the blast furnace has been undertaken. Experiments have been performed using non-standard test scenarios that simulate coke behaviour under real blast furnace operating conditions. Coke reactivity and microstructure have also been investigated under the impact of alkali and pulverised coal ash and char. Operation of many blast furnaces has proved the possibility of coke saving and increase in productivity when using small-sized coke (so-called nut coke) mixed with the burden, but the reasons for this phenomenon, and consequently the limit for nut coke consumption, are still not very clear. An analytical method and cold model simulations have been used to quantify the change in shaft permeability and furnace productivity when using nut coke.

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